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Avula Laxmaiah, Nalam Madhusudhan Rao, N. Arlappa, Jagjeevan Babu, P. Uday Kumar, Priya Singh, Deepak Sharma, V. Mahesh Anumalla, T. Santhosh Kumar, R. Sabarinathan, M. Santhos Kumar, R. Ananthan, P.P.S. Blessy, D. Chandra Kumar, P. Devaraj, S. Devendra, M. Mahesh Kumar, Indrapal I. Meshram, B. Naveen Kumar, Paras Sharma, P. Raghavendra, P. Raghu, K. Rajender Rao, P. Ravindranadh, B. Santosh Kumar, Sarika, J. Srinivasa Rao, M.V. Surekha, F. Sylvia, Deepak Kumar, G. Subba Rao, Karthik Bharadwaj Tallapaka, Divya Tej Sowpati,  View ORCID ProfileSurabhi Srivastava, Manoj Murekhar, Rajkumar Hemalatha, Rakesh K Mishra



Background COVID-19 emerged as a global pandemic in 2020, rapidly spreading to most parts of the world. The proportion of infected individuals in a population can be reliably estimated via sero-surveillance, making it a valuable tool for planning control measures. We conducted a serosurvey study to investigate SARS-CoV-2 seroprevalence in the urban population of Hyderabad at the end of the first wave of infections.

Methods The cross-sectional survey conducted in January 2021 included males and females aged 10 years and above, selected by multi-stage random sampling. 9363 samples were collected from 30 wards distributed over 6 zones of Hyderabad and tested for antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 nucleocapsid antigen.

Results Overall seropositivity was 54.2%, ranging from 50-60% in most wards. Highest exposure appeared to be among 30-39y and 50-59y olds, with women showing greater seropositivity. Seropositivity increased with family size, with only marginal differences among people with varying levels of education. Seroprevalence was significantly lower among smokers. Only 11% of the survey subjects reported any COVID-19 symptoms, while 17% had appeared for Covid testing.

Conclusion Over half the city’s population was infected within a year of onset of the pandemic. However, ∼46% people were still susceptible, contributing to subsequent waves of infection.

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